People in all cultures across time have used psychoactive substances as part of their social and religious rituals. In North America, people use a variety of substances, including nicotine, to commune with others, celebrate, relax, recreate, and destress. Smoking is a legal and until recently, socially acceptable way to socialize and unwind.
Although legal, smoking, even moderate “social” smoking, has been demonstrated to be exceptionally bad for your health and second-hand smoke has been proven to be bad for the health of others. In fact, smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. People who smoke are at greatly increased risk of dying from tobacco-related diseases such as heart disease, lung cancer, throat cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a number of other cancers and diseases. The good news is that quitting smoking at any age significantly reduces the risk of negative health outcomes.
We know that 70% of people who smoke would like to quit and that 50% of smokers try to quit at least once each year. We also know that quitting is hard. Only three to six percent of quit attempts are successful and most people have to try to quit six or seven times before succeeding. Quitting is hard because nicotine is a very addictive substance and quitting leads to symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, including craving, depression, anxiety and irritability. Nicotine suppresses appetite and people often use smoking to control their weight. Quitting smoking often results in significant weight gain and that can be a real barrier to successful quitting.
Smoking cessation interventions are designed to reduce nicotine addiction and withdrawal symptoms. There are a number of interventions that help increase the chance of a successful quit attempt, including a variety of nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) and evidence-based psychotherapy, including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), motivational interviewing (MI) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Use of either therapy alone increases success rates and a combination works even better.
CBT Associates is a large, well-established and rapidly-growing network of clinics that provides evidence-based psychological services to children, adolescents, adults of all ages, and couples.
We are a highly-qualified group of over 50 psychologists and psychological associates who provide personalized, compassionate, respectful and discreet treatment with the highest level of... Read More
To help us reliably meet the needs of all our clients, we must ask you to provide 24 hours’ notice when cancelling or rescheduling an appointment. Appointments without sufficient notice will be charged the full fee.Read More
Psychologists are closely aligned with psychiatrists as both are highly-trained professionals. Psychiatrists are oriented toward pharmaceutical solutions (some illnesses in fact lend themselves to medication versus talk therapy, such as severe depression or schizophrenia); while psychologists are oriented toward talk therapy as a solution.
Psychologists and psychiatrists both undertake... Read More
The first important difference between psychotherapists and psychologists is the number of years of education and training required to register by each college. The College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario requires members to complete any recognized training program in psychotherapy, with 450 hours of direct client contact, and 100 hours of clinical supervision. In contrast, to... Read More