Insomnia is a sleep disorder. People with insomnia have difficulty falling or staying asleep or are unable to stay asleep for as long as they would like. These people have poor sleep quality and describe themselves as not feeling rested. As a result, they often describe themselves as having difficulty functioning and struggling to cope. In addition to causing problems with memory and concentration, insomnia can lead to other problems such as anxiety, irritability, and depression.
People who are suffering from insomnia often start to use alcohol or prescription medication, which may help them to sleep in the short term, but may lead to substance use problems and/or addiction if used regularly over the long-run.
When insomnia occurs in the absence of any other medical or psychiatric condition or environmental cause, it is called primary insomnia. Secondary insomnia refers to insomnia that is related to another condition or environmental factors.
Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is a well-established, evidence-based treatment. It can be an effective treatment for insomnia for people who are using sleep medications as well as people who are not.
In CBT-I, the psychologist and client work together to identify the factors contributing to the insomnia, usually by keeping a sleep diary or journal for a few weeks. Once the causes of insomnia have been identified, the client can begin to engage in experiments to discover ways to improve their sleep, including stimulus control, restricting time in bed, relaxation training, and cognitive techniques to identify and modify the thoughts that get in the way of a good night’s sleep.
CBT – I is an effective treatment for insomnia. However, because insomnia is often a sign or symptom of other medical and psychiatric problems, including some serious medical problems, it is important to get a proper diagnosis from a physician, psychiatrist or psychologist who has expertise in sleep disorders. A proper and thorough assessment will allow the accurate diagnosis of primary insomnia, insomnia secondary to another condition, and primary insomnia associated with one or more conditions. An accurate assessment is the first step towards effective treatment.
CBT Associates is a large, well-established and rapidly-growing network of clinics that provides evidence-based psychological services to children, adolescents, adults of all ages, and couples.
We are a highly-qualified group of over 50 psychologists and psychological associates who provide personalized, compassionate, respectful and discreet treatment with the highest level of... Read More
To help us reliably meet the needs of all our clients, we must ask you to provide 24 hours’ notice when cancelling or rescheduling an appointment. Appointments without sufficient notice will be charged the full fee.Read More
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The first important difference between psychotherapists and psychologists is the number of years of education and training required to register by each college. The College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario requires members to complete an undergraduate degree that includes 360 hours (total) of training and education. In contrast, to become a psychologist in Ontario the... Read More